109th congress mandating local law enforcement enforce immigration
Statutory Authority and Regulatory History This final rule establishes minimum standards for State-issued driver's licenses and identification cards that Federal agencies can accept for official purposes on or after May 11, 2008, as required under the REAL ID Act of 2005. Fraud in identification documents is no longer just a problem of theft. Congress enacted the Act in May 2005, in response to the 9/11 Commission's recommendations. The Act requires DHS to determine whether a State is meeting the Act's requirements based upon certifications submitted by each State in a manner prescribed by DHS. Discussion of Final Rule DHS published an NPRM on March 3, 2007, proposing requirements to meet the minimum standards required under the Act. The federal government should set standards for the issuance of birth certificates and sources of identification, such as driver's licenses. In its report, the Commission stated: Secure identification should begin in the United States. See, The 9/11 Commission Report, Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (July 2004) (9/11 Commission Report), p. The 9/11 Commission recommended implementing more secure sources of identification for use in, among other activities, boarding aircraft and accessing vulnerable facilities.requirements. DHS received over 21,000 comments on the NPRM and supporting regulatory evaluation during the sixty-day public comment period for this rulemaking action. ]]
This would essentially halve the phase-in period and create an untenable burden and increased costs on States who were committed to complying with the REAL ID requirements.DHS has determined that the most logical option to reduce the significant operational burden on States is to allow States to divide their license-bearing population and re-issue REAL ID-compliant licenses through a two-phased enrollment.